When I started this commentary project, I didn't realize how relevant some of Masello's rules were going to be to current events.
With "Skip the Truth," Masello makes a point I've heard often before. Imaginative narrative is not the same as nonfiction. There are some writers who base their fiction on real events, and the inherent problem with doing so can be summed up by taking the converse of the maxim "Truth is stranger than fiction":
"Fiction must be more plausible than truth."
You can't defend a story's implausibilities by claiming that it really happened. That works for a news report, but not so much in fiction. Fiction must have a dramatic narrative, a flow, or a plot. It should not just be a series of incidents listed one after another but rather it should be a series of connected incidents, where the first one leads to the second, then to the third, etc. I think most people would tend to agree with that.
However, Masello also says something in the essay accompanying this rule that takes on an odd tone in light of recent events. To quote him directly:
"But if you're writing an imaginative work -- a novel, a story, a screenplay, even a memoir -- the most dangerous thing you can do is worry too much about a silly old thing like the truth." (italics mine)
I have a feeling that Masello might choose to reconsider that sentence in light of the controversy over the book A Million Little Pieces by James Frey. (Not to be confused with James N. Frey, the excellent novelist and writer of books on writing.) I haven't said much about the Frey controversy because it doesn't really affect me that directly. But since I have an opening, I might as well share my thoughts.
Memoir falls into a far different category from fiction. There is an implied contract between a writer and a reader as far as a memoir is concerned. The contract states that the writer is presenting the incidents of his or her life as true to the best of the writer's knowledge and recollection. It's one thing to remember an event differently from the way others around you recall it; it's another thing to lie.
I'm bothered by the idea of lying in a memoir for the same reason I'm bothered by people lying about history, or in news reports. As Robert A. Heinlein's character Lazarus Long once said, "What are the facts? Again and again and again - what are the facts? Shun wishful thinking, ignore divine revelation, forget what 'the stars foretell,' avoid opinion, care not what the neighbors think, never mind the unguessable 'verdict of history' - what are the facts, and to how many decimal places? You pilot always into an unknown future; facts are your only clue. Get the facts!"
If a writer claims something is true that he or she knows demonstrably to be false, that simply adds one more lie to the many lies that have been piled upon us throughout history. And lies can be dangerous, as recent battles with Holocaust deniers have come to show us. If a writer of a work of "nonfiction" is shown to be lying, it becomes a lot easier for us to become less trusting of the next writer who claims to be telling us the truth. And eventually we'd reach the point where once again our trust in people is reduced to that tiny circle of friends and family that we relied upon as children.
I know, I've strayed rather far from discussing Robert's Rules in this post...but in the end, it's all still about writing.