The editor's description of the story, from the Analog webpage:
Michael A. Burstein leads off our September issue with “Sanctuary,” a tense novella about the kind of problem that can arise when two very different cultures are forced into a high-stakes interaction. What do you do—and what do “they” do—when a refugee from one group’s version of justice seeks protection under the auspices of another culture’s most deeply established institutions? Especially when both cultures’ principles are based on long and careful consideration of their people’s nature and needs—but those natures and needs are themselves quite different? To paraphrase the old saw, one man’s basic need may be another’s abomination. . . .
and his tag for the story:
Appropriate behavior depends on circumstances, which means appropriate ethics differ with time and species. Which can make for some very thorny dilemmas. . . .